Labour flows from the new EU Member States into UK and Italy: Characteristics and economic specialisation


Labour mobility
EU Eastern enlargement


The paper analyses the main characteristics of the immigrant flows deriving from the two subsequent rounds of Eastern EU Enlargement in the UK and Italy. Using data from the National Labour Force Surveys, immigrants' employment outcomes and their economic specialisation across sector of activities are investigated. Disparities emerge between nationality groups - especially when the new EU citizens are split according to the two different rounds of Enlargement - but also between the two host countries, reflecting their diverse experience as countries of immigration.